Wiwi Tjiook, Hasti Tarekat, Pauline Boedianto, Daliana Suryawinata
Leo Haring, Widoyoko
Prof. Ir. R. Waterman, Gerard Pichel, Wied Winaktoe Wiwoho (researcher)
Harmen van der Wal, Mo Smit
Kees Lafeber (Green Moluccas)
The Liveable Cities taskforce is dedicated to promote good practices in spatial planning, urban planning, urban design, landscape and architecture for Indonesian cities, with the purpose of matchmaking stakeholders with the proposal makers, and to accelerate the implementations of selected proposals.
At the end of 2nd CID in 2013 the following aims were formulated:
- To encourage the cooperation between Diaspora with Indonesian architects, urban planners, landscape architects, water management experts, engineers and other professionals in the creation of a sustainable liveable city concept that can be applied in Indonesia;
- Assist in the implementation of national programs that protect and preserve the cultural heritage of the nation, particularly buildings and traditional architecture in several regions and remote locations;
- Increase cooperation with local governments in the development of cities, small towns or villages which are facing the challenges and impacts of development through various pilot projects, ranging from remote community empowerment through fisheries and village improvements to improve quality of life.
Currently there are 4 themes within Liveable Cities:
1) Affordable Housing and Urban Renewal:
The issue of social housing is a problem for Indonesia and many developing countries. Unlike in Europe, there is no culture in designing social housing. In Jakarta, the last ‘design’ was made in the 1980s. In the recent years, urged by the population increase and the need to organize squatters, the City of Jakarta, and other Indonesian cities in general, have begun to see the need for providing social housing. However, there is little understanding of what kind of social housing can be built and what is the added value of architectural design to social housing. Rather than simply making ‘available’ square meters of living units, the Liveable Cities team would like to push the boundaries of making possible ‘climatic, community-based and culturally contextual urban villages’ which are made with astonishing design characteristics, and contain more programs than just housing. The underlying hypothesis is, if Indonesia will be able to create exemplary social housing villages, this model can be applied to the rest of the Global South. Thus the success is not meant to be nationwide, but worldwide. This sub-theme also deals with interesting proposals in relation to urban renewal, from transportation to urban area activation.
2) Integrated Water and Landscape Planning:
For centuries the residents of Indonesia have lived together with water that has supported the landscapes of civilization. An excellent example is the famous terraced ‘sawah’ landscapes of Bali, managed by ‘subak’, a long-standing socio-religious agricultural organization responsible for the irrigation of the rice fields.
Climate change, tremendous population growth in cities across Indonesia triggered the taskforce to awaken a new understanding of sustainability while implementing comprehensive design solutions. In the densely populated low lying cities such as Jakarta an integrated strategy will have to be developed to cope with e.g. the recent floods. Increased precipitation, rising sea levels, extraction of large quantities of ground water for drinking water resulting in land subsidence are causes for floods. Transformation of land use (e.g. deforestation) in the hinterland reduces the infiltration of rainwater and causes the drainage of rainwater via rivers and canals. Professionals (such as urban planners, architects, landscape architects, hydrologists, environmental engineers) incorporated in the Taskforce Liveable Cities can contribute in finding comprehensive design solutions, resulting in sustainable, liveable and attractive cities in Indonesia.
3) Heritage and Conservation:
Cultural heritage is an expression of the ways of living developed by a community and passed on from generation to generation, including customs, practices, places, objects, artistic expressions and values. Cultural heritage is often expressed as either intangible or tangible cultural heritage (ICOMOS, 2002). Heritage in today’s world has become trans-disciplinary; its preoccupation with traditional principles of conservation and archaeology has been replaced by a profound preoccupation with the processes of education, the economy, and the enrichment of cultural life. How can the development and management of a community’s heritage assets attract the active participation of civil society, not only in mobilising protest against bad decisions, but in ensuring that heritage contributes to the social, economic and cultural dynamics of the community.
Awareness about importance of heritage as a development asset starts to raise in Indonesia. Municipalities and regencies consolidate themselves and started the Indonesian Heritage Cities Network led in turns by Mayors. Currently members of the network is more than 50 cities and led by the Mayor of Surabaya. To transform heritage into economic, social and cultural assets need adequate skills and knowledge; this is achieved by continuously improving capacity of all stakeholders involved, not only government officers, but also non-government, private and education sectors.
4) Rural Development, Tourism and Empowerment:
Big cities are not the only subject of interest within the Liveable Cities taskforce. The biggest potentials lie in the rural areas, but also the biggest threats in terms of reckless development on the expenses of nature and tradition. Rural development is key to improving living conditions throughout the country. The poorest and underdeveloped need empowerment, not mere charity and this can be attained by deploying pilot projects from fishery to improvement of traditional houses in its original context.
Apart from several workshops, expert meetings held in Indonesia as well as in The Netherlands, the following projects are ongoing:
- Muara Angke Fisheries Village masterplan and Vertical Kampung pilot
– Kota Tua Creative Festival
– Smart City Bandung
– Participatory environmental planning for Gunung Mas, Puncak, West Java, MSc thesis landscape architecture, collaboration of Wageningen University The Netherlands and Institut Pertanian Bogor
– Muntok Heritage Town (in preparation)
Present situation Muara Angke Fisheries Village, North Jakarta
Impression of Vertical Kampung Muara Angke pilot
Kota Tua Creative Festival 2014
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